• References

    Acute tubular necrosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    . Updated June 14, 2010. Accessed November 1, 2012.

    Choudhury D, Ahmed Z: Drug-associated renal dysfunction and injury.
    Nat Clin Pract Nephrol
    . 2006;2:80-91

    Esson ML, Schrier RW. Diagnosis and treatment of acute tubular necrosis.
    Ann Intern Med
    . 2002;137:744-52.

    Gill N, Nally JV Jr, Fatica RA. Renal failure secondary to acute tubular necrosis: epidemiology, diagnosis, and management.
    . 2005;128:2847-2863.

    Musso CG, Liakopoulos V, Ioannidis I, et al. Acute renal failure in the elderly: particular characteristics.
    Int Urol Nephrol
    . 2006;38:787-93

    Tepel M, van der Giet M, Schwarzfeld C, et al. Prevention of radiographic-contrast reductions in renal function by acetylcysteine.
    N Engl J Med
    . 2000;343:1448-1457.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Family Physicians

    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Institute for Health Information

    Kidney Foundation of Canada