AIDS Dementia Complex
AIDS dementia complex (ADC) can occur in people with AIDS. ADC results in changes in multiple neurologic areas: ADC is a common nervous system complication of late-stage HIV infection.
It is not clearly understood how HIV infection causes ADC.
AIDS dementia complex (ADC) can occur in people with
AIDS. ADC results in changes in multiple neurologic areas:
- Cognition—the ability to understand, process, and remember information
- Behavior—difficulty performing daily tasks
Emotions—may have personality changes and
- Motor coordination—the ability to coordinate muscles and movement
ADC is a common nervous system complication of late-stage HIV infection.
Immune System HIV destroys white blood cells vital to the immune system. Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
- HIV test
- Mental status/neurological exam
- MRI scan
- Lumbar puncture
to check cerebrospinal fluid in the spinal cord and brain
(EEG) to check the brain's electrical activity
ADC occurs in people with HIV. Ways to help reduce your chance of getting HIV include:
When you have sex, use a male latex
- Limit your number of sexual partners.
- Avoid sexual partners who are HIV-infected.
- Do not share needles for drug injection.
- Avoid having transfusions of blood products that have not been screened.
If you are a healthcare worker:
- Wear appropriate gloves and facial masks during all procedures.
- Carefully handle and properly dispose of needles.
- Carefully follow universal precautions.
If you live in a household with someone who has HIV:
- Wear appropriate gloves if handling HIV-infected bodily fluids.
- Cover your cuts and sores with bandages. Also cover cuts and sores on the person with HIV.
- Do not share any personal hygiene lis, such as razors or toothbrushes.
- Carefully handle and properly dispose of needles used for medication.
Factors that may increase your chance of having ADC include:
- Untreated HIV infection
- Late-stage AIDS
Symptoms usually develop slowly and worsen over time. They can be grouped into stages:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: