• References

    Andia JB. Aluminum toxicity: its relationship with bone and iron metabolism.
    Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1996; 11 Suppl 3:69-73.

    Bia MJ, Cooper K, et al. Aluminum induced anemia: pathogenesis and treatment in patients on chronic dialysis.
    Kidney Int. 1989 Nov;36(5):852-8.

    Delmez J, Weerts C, et al. Accelerated removal of deferoxamine mesylate-chelated aluminum by charcoal hyperfusion in hemodialysis patients.
    Am J Kidney Disease. 1989 Apr;13(4):308-11.

    D’Haese PC, Couttenye MM, et al. Use of the low-dose desferrioxamine test to diagnose and differentiate between patients with aluminum-related bone disease, increased risk for aluminum toxicity, or aluminium overload.
    Nephrol dial Transplant. 1995;10:1874-84.

    Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds.
    Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2008.

    Kawahara M. Effects of aluminum on the nervous system and its possible link with neurodegenerative diseases.
    J Alzheimers Dis
    . 2005;8:171-82.

    Krewski D, Yokei RA, Nieboer E et al: Human health risk assessment for aluminium, aluminium oxide, and aluminium hydroxide.
    J Toxicol Environ Health b Crit Rev
    . 2007:10 supl 1: 1-269

    Malluche HH. Aluminum and bone disease in chronic renal failure.
    Nephrol dial Transplant
    . 2002; 17:21-24.

    Marx JA, et al.
    Rosen's Emergency Medicine
    .7th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.; 2009.

    Molloy DW, Standish TI, Nieboer E et al: Effects of acute exposure to aluminum on cognition in humans.
    J Toxicol Environ Health
    . A 2007: 70:2011-9

    Toxic substances portal: Aluminum. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
    . Updated October 27, 2011. Accessed April 2, 2013.

  • Resources

    Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

    Environmental Protection Agency

  • Canadian Resources

    Guide to Less Toxic Products

    Environmental Health Association of Nova Scotia

    Poison Control Centers for Canada

    Association of the Chemical Profession of Ontario