• References

    Bhola R, Keech RV, Kutschke P, Pfeifer W, Scott WE. Recurrence of amblyopia after occlusion therapy.
    . 2006 Nov;113(11):2097-100.

    Campos, EC, Schiavi, C, Benedetti, P, et al. Effect of citicoline on visual acuity in amblyopia: preliminary results.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol
    .1995; 233:307.

    Fleck BW. Amblyopia therapy.
    Br J Ophthalmol
    . 2003; 87(3):255-6.

    Flynn JT, Schiffman J, Feuer W, et al. The therapy of amblyopia: an analysis of the results of amblyopia therapy utilizing the pooled data of published studies.
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc
    . 1998;96: 431-50; discussion 450-3.

    Holmes JM, Beck RW, Kraker RT, et al. Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Impact of patching and atropine treatment on the child and family in the amblyopia treatment study.
    Arch Ophthalmol
    . 2003;121(11):1625-32.

    Kushner BJ. Atropine vs. patching for the treatment of moderate amblyopia in children.
    . 2002;120(3):387-8.

    LaRoche GR. Amblyopia: detection, prevention, and rehabilitation.
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol
    . 2001;12(5):363-7.

    Leguire LE, Rogers GL, Walson PD, Bremer DL. Occlusion and levodopa-carbidopa treatment for childhood amblyopia.
    .1998; 2:257.

    Loudon SE, Simonsz HJ. The history of the treatment of amblyopia.
    . 2005;13(2):93-106.

    Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. A comparison of atropine and patching treatments for moderate amblyopia by patient age, cause of amblyopia, depth of amblyopia, and other factors.
    . 2003;110(8):1632-7; discussion 1637-8.

    Powell C, Porooshani H, Bohorquez M, et al. Screening for amblyopia in childhood.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev
    . 2005;(3):CD005020.

    Ohlsson J, Baumann M, Sjostrand J, et al. Long term visual outcome in amblyopia treatment.
    Br J Ophthalmol
    . 2002; 86(10):1148-51.

    Quinn GE, Beck RW, Holmes JM, et al. Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Recent advances in the treatment of amblyopia.
    . 2004;113 (6):1800-2.

    Sakatani K, Jabbur NS, O'Brien TP. Improvement in best corrected visual acuity in amblyopic adult eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis.
    J Cataract Refract Surg
    . 2004;30(12):2517-21.

    Simons K. Amblyopia characterization, treatment, and prophylaxis.
    Surv Ophthalmol
    . 2005;50(2):123-66

    Western Ophthalmics. Bangerter occlusion foils. Western Ophthalmics website. Available at:
    . Accessed May 28, 2010.

    5/28/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group Writing Committee, Rutstein RP, Quinn GE, et al. A randomized trial comparing Bangerter filters and patching for the treatment of moderate amblyopia in children.

    2/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : US Preventive Services Task Force.

    Vision screening for children 1 to 5 years of age: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement.

  • Resources

    American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

    National Eye Institute (NEI)

    Prevent Blindness America

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Ophthalmological Society

    The Canadian National Institute for the Blind