• References

    Imperforate anus. Cincinnati Children's Hospital website. Available at: Updated July 2010. Updated December 2013. Accessed May 29, 2014.

    Imperforate anus. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated June 13, 2012. Accessed May 29, 2014.

    Scott, J, Swenson O. Imperforate anus: results in 63 cases and some anatomical considerations. Tufts University Medical School publication website Available at: Accessed May 29, 2014.

  • Resources

    Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics

    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

  • Canadian Resources

    About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children