Resources

  • References

    Abcarian H. Anorectal infection: Abscess-fistula. Clin Colon Rect Surg. 2011;24(1):14-21.

    Anal abscess/fistula. American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.fascrs.org/patients/conditions/anal%5Fabscess%5Ffistula. Updated October 2012. Accessed November 18, 2013.

    Anal fistula. John Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/adult/digestive%5Fdisorders/anal%5Ffistula%5F134,173/. Accessed November 18, 2013.

    Anal rectal abscess & fistula. Hemorrhoid website. Available at: http://www.hemorrhoid.net/abscess.php. Accessed November 18, 2013.

    Fistula-in-ano. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 26, 2012. Accessed November 18, 2013.

    Rojanasakul A. LIFT procedure: a simplified technique for fistula-in-ano. Tech Coloproctol. 2009;13(3):237-240.

    van Onkelen RS, Gosselink MP. Is it possible to improve the outcome of transanal advancement flap repair for high transsphincteric fistulas by additional ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract? Dis Colon Rectum. 2012;55(2):163-166.

  • Resources


    American College of Gastroenterology

    http://gi.org


    American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

    http://www.fascrs.org

  • Canadian Resources


    Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

    http://www.cag-acg.org