Resources

  • References


    Ankle sprain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed
    . Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed April 4, 2013.


    Kemler E, van de Port I, et al. A systematic review on the
    treatment of acute ankle sprain: brace versus other functional treatment types.
    Sports Med
    . 2011;41(3):185-197.


    Kerkhoffs GM, Handoll HH, et al. Surgical versus
    conservative treatment for acute injuries of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle in adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev
    . 2007 Apr 18;(2):CD000380.


    Renstrom, P, IOC Medical Commission, International Federation of Sports Medicine.
    Sports Injuries: Basic Principles of Prevention and Care
    . Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.


    Sprained ankle. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
    http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00150
    . Updated September 2012. Accessed April 4, 2013.


    Sprains and strains. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
    http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Sprains%5FStrains/default.asp
    .
    Published July 2012. Accessed April 4, 2013.


    10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
    2010;(6):CD007402.


    11/19/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : van Rijn RM, van Ochten J, Luijsterburg PA, van Middelkoop M, Koes BW, Bierma-Zeinstra SM.

    Effectiveness of additional supervised exercises compared with conventional treatment alone in patients with acute lateral ankle sprains: systematic review.
    BMJ.
    2010;341:c5688.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    http://orthoinfo.aaos.org

    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

    http://www.sportsmed.org

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    http://www.coa-aco.org

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation

    http://www.canorth.org