Arteriovenous malformation information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at:
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/avms. Updated February 4, 2013. Accessed August 7, 2013.
Choi JH, Mohr JP. Brain arteriovenous malformations in adults.
Lancet Neurology. 2005; 4(5):299-308.
Geibprasert, et al. Radiologic assessment of brain arteriovenous malformations: what clinicians need to know.
Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, et al. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformation: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stoke Council, American Stroke Association.
Van Beijnum J, et al. Treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations: a systematic review and metanalysis.
What is an arteriovenous malformation (AVM)? American Stroke Association website. Available at:
http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/TypesofStroke/HemorrhagicBleeds/What-Is-an-Arteriovenous-Malformation-AVM%5FUCM%5F310099%5FArticle.jsp. Updated February 20, 2013. Accessed August 7, 2013.
American Stroke Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
The Toronto Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group