Resources

  • References


    Abeles M, Urman JD, Rothfield NF. Aseptic necrosis of bone in systemic lupus erythematosus. Relationship to glucocorticoid therapy.
    Arch Intern Med. 1978;138:750.


    Agarwala S, Jain D, Joshi VR, Sule A. Efficacy of alendronate, a bisphosphonate, in the treatment of AVN of the hip. A prospective open-label study.
    Rheumatology
    (Oxford).
    2005;44:352.


    Osteonecrosis of the hip in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2013. Accessed February 10, 2014.


    Martin K, Lawson-Ayayi S, Miremont-Salame G, et al. Symptomatic bone disorders in HIV-infected patients: incidence in the Aquitaine cohort (1999-2002).
    HIV Med. 2004;5:421.


    Matsuo K, Hirohata T, Sugioka Y, et al. Influence of alcohol intake, cigarette smoking, and occupational status on idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head.
    Clin Orthop. 1988;234:115.


    Metselaar HJ, van Steenberge EJ, Bijnen AB. Incidence of osteonecrosis after renal transplantation.
    Acta Orthop Scand. 1985;56:413.

  • Resources

    Johns Hopkins University Medical School

    http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org

    Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

    http://www.pennstatehershey.org

  • Canadian Resources