• References

    Condon PI, Mulhern M, Fulcher T, et al. Laser intrastromal keratomileusis for high myopia and myopic astigmatism.
    Br J Ophthalmol
    . 1997;81(3):199-206.

    Goss DA. Refractive error changes in mixed astigmatism.
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt
    . 1999;19(5):438-40.

    Holladay JT, Moran JR, Kezirian GM. Analysis of aggregate surgically induced refractive change, prediction error, and intraocular astigmatism.
    J Cataract Refract Surg
    . 2001;27(1):61-79.

    Komaroff AL, ed.
    Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide
    . New York, NY: Simon and Schuster; 1999:423-425.

    Kymionis GD, Aslanides M, Khoury AN, et al. Laser
    in situ
    keratomileusis for residual hyperopic astigmatism after conductive keratoplasty.
    J Refract Surg
    . 2004;20(3):276-8.

    Miller JM, Dobson V, Harvey EM, et al. Comparison of preschool vision screening methods in a population with a high prevalence of astigmatism.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci
    . 2001;42(5):917-24.

    Pesudovs K. Autorefraction as an outcome measure of laser in situ keratomileusis.
    J Cataract Refract Surg
    . 2004;30(9):1921-8.

    Taneri S, Feit R, Azar DT. Safety, efficacy, and stability indices of LASEK correction in moderate myopia and astigmatism.
    J Cataract Refract Surg
    . 2004 Oct;30(10):2130-7.

    Tobaigy FM, Ghanem RC, Sayegh RR, Hallak JA, Azar DT. A Control-matched comparison of laser epithelial
    and laser
    in situ keratomileusis
    for low to moderate myopia.
    Am J Ophthalmol
    . 2006 Dec;142(6):901-908. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

    Varley GA, Huang D, Rapuano CJ, et al. LASIK for hyperopia, hyperopic astigmatism, and mixed astigmatism: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
    . 2004;111(8):1604-17.

  • Resources

    American Optometric Association

    National Eye Institute (NEI)

    Prevent Blindness America

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Ophthalmological Society

    The Canadian National Institute for the Blind