• References

    Clavicle fracture. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated June 2009. Accessed July 21, 2009.

    Levy AM, Fuerst M.
    Sports Injury Handbook. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 1993.

    Lenza M, Belloti JC, Andriolo RB, Gomes Dos Santos JB, Faloppa F. Conservative interventions for treating middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD007121.

    Shoulder trauma.
    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
    Accessed July 15, 2008.

    Stegeman SA, de Jong M, Sier CF, et al. Displaced midshaft fractures of the clavicle: nonoperative treatment versus plate fixation (Sleutel-TRIAL). A multicentre randomised controlled trial.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011 Aug 24;12:196.

    Vander Have KL, Perdue AM, Caird MS, Farley FA. Operative versus nonoperative
    treatment of midshaft clavicle fractures in adolescents.
    J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jun;30(4):307-312.

    8/20/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Joshi N, Lira A, Mehta N. Diagnostic accuracy of history, physical examination, and bedside ultrasound for diagnosis of extremity fractures in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Jan;20(1):1-15.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation