Costochondritis

Costochondritis is pain in the front of the chest wall. In particular, it is irritation where the bone and cartilage part of the ribs meet. Sometimes there is also swelling and inflammation. This is a condition referred to as Tietze’s syndrome. Neither costochondritis nor Tietze’s syndrome is a serious disease. However, their symptoms are similar to those of several dangerous conditions, like a heart attack .

  • Causes


    The cause of costochondritis is often not known. At other times, the condition can occur due to injury or overuse.

  • Definition

    Costochondritis is pain in the front of the chest wall. In particular, it is irritation where the bone and cartilage part of the ribs meet.


    Sometimes there is also swelling and inflammation. This is a condition referred to as Tietze’s syndrome. Neither costochondritis nor Tietze’s syndrome is a serious disease. However, their symptoms are similar to those of several dangerous conditions, like a
    heart attack
    .

    The Rib Cage
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  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may do further tests if the diagnosis is not clear. Tests to examine the ribs more closely may include:

    • Chest x-ray

  • Prevention

    Costochondritis occurs spontaneously at any age. It often occurs without warning or identified causes. There is no way to prevent it.

  • Risk Factors

    Trauma to the chest.

    Arthritis, especially:

    • osteoarthritis
    • rheumatoid arthritis
    • ankylosing spondylitis

    Heavy lifting and strenuous exercise

  • Symptoms


    If you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to costochondritis. These symptoms may be caused by other, serious health conditions such as
    heart attack
    , digestive problems, and
    bone cancer
    . See your doctor of you have any of these symptoms:

    • Sharp, localized chest pain, which may be made worse by sneezing, coughing, deep breathing, or twisting motions of the chest
    • Tenderness or swelling over a joint between
      • rib cartilage and breast bone
      • rib cartilage and rib bone

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Most costochondritis will eventually go away on its own. Treatment is optional but choices include the following: