• References

    American Academy of Neurology practice parameters for diagnostic testing for distal symmetric polyneuropathy.
    December 3, 2008.

    DynaMed Editorial Team. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    . Updated November 2, 2010. Accessed November 4, 2010.

    Harati Y, Bosch EP. Disorders of peripheral nerves. In: Bradley WG, ed.
    Neurology in Clinical Practice
    5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier; 2008.

    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
    Diabetic neuropathies: the nerve damage of diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
    Accessed May 24, 2007.

    Ogawa K, Sasaki H, Yamasaki H, et al. Peripheral nerve functions may deteriorate parallel to the progression of microangiopathy in diabetic patients.
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis

    Stewart JD. Diabetic neuropathies. In: Gilman S, ed.
    Medlink website. Available at:
    . Accessed August 10, 2007.

    University of Chicago, Center for Peripheral Neuropathy website.
    . Accessed January 15, 2010.

    Vinik AI. Diabetic neuropathies.
    Med Clin North Am

    2/4/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Dubinsky RM, Miyasaki J. Assessment: efficacy of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in the treatment of pain in neurologic disorders (an evidence-based review): report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.

  • Resources

    American Diabetes Association

    National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Diabetes Association