Dysthymia a mild-to-moderate depression that may go away during periods of normal mood that last up to two months.
The cause of dysthymia is not known. A chemical in the brain called serotonin may play a role.
Brainstem—Location of Serotonin Production Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Dysthymia a mild-to-moderate
that may go away during periods of normal mood that last up to two months.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical and psychological exam will be given.
Your doctor may refer you to a specialist for further evaluation. Tests may be done to look for medical causes like thyroid problems or anemia.
There are no guidelines for preventing dysthymia.
Dysthymia is more common in women than in men. Factors that may increase your chance of developing dysthymia include:
- Family history of major depression or dysthymia
- Chronic mental or physical illness
- Chronic stress
- Environmental factors
People who have dysthymia may also experience episodes of major depression.
Dysthymia may be difficult to differentiate from depression due to many overlapping symptoms, which may include:
- Feelings of sadness and/or hopelessness
- Poor appetite or overeating
- Trouble concentrating
- Difficulty sleeping
or sleeping too much
- Difficulty functioning at work and school
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment may include one or more of the following: