Eye Contusion

An eye contusion is a bruise around the eye, commonly called a black eye. It may occur when a blow occurs in or near the eye socket. If a bruise appears, it will usually do so within 24 hours of the injury.

  • Causes

    After being struck in the eye or nose, blood leaks into the area surrounding the eye.

  • Definition

    An eye contusion is a bruise around the eye, commonly called a black eye. It may occur when a blow occurs in or near the eye socket. If a bruise appears, it will usually do so within 24 hours of the injury.

    Eyelid Contusion
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  • Diagnosis

    Eye contusions are diagnosed visually. Healthcare providers assume that the eye has been struck in some way. Most people are able to self-diagnose a contusion, but a doctor may confirm the diagnosis.

  • Prevention


    To help reduce your chance of an eye contusion, take the following steps:

    • Wear protective eye covering such as safety goggles whenever the eye is exposed to potential injury at work or play. The best goggles fit snug against the skin so that no foreign objects can get underneath the goggle and into the eye.
    • Avoid fighting.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that increase your risk of eye contusion include:

    • Participation in high-impact sports such as basketball, football, hockey, and boxing
    • Occupations that expose the eye to potential injury, such as manufacturing, construction, and athletics
    • Violence

  • Symptoms

    A black and blue or purple mark will appear following the injury. There may also be redness, swelling, and tenderness or pain. After it begins to heal, the contusion may turn yellow.

  • Treatment