• References

    Fecal incontinence. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: Updated November 27, 2013. Accessed December 16, 2013.

    Fecal incontinence: treatment. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: Updated January 2011. Accessed December 16, 2013.

    Garg, P, Song J, Bhatia A, Kalia H, Menon G. The efficacy of anal fistula plug in fistula-in-ano: a systematic review.
    Colorectal Diseases. 2010;12:965-970.

    Landefeld CS, Bowers BJ, Feld AD, et al. National Institutes of Health State-of-the-Science Conference Statement: prevention of fecal and urinary incontinence in adults.
    Ann Intern Med. 2008;148:449-458.

    Rectal prolapse. American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons website. Available at:
    . Updated October 2012. Accessed December 16, 2013.

    12/4/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Deutekom M, Dobben A. Plugs for containing fecal incontinence.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

  • Resources

    International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

    National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Digestive Health Foundation

    Canadian Society of Intestinal Research