Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a complex, chronic, and disabling disorder. It causes widespread pain. It also causes poor sleep and fatigue.

  • Causes

    The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown.

    The following are some of the conditions that are commonly associated with fibromyalgia:

    • Depression
      and
      anxiety

    • Chronic headache, such as
      tension headaches
    • Irritable bowel syndrome
      (IBS)
    • Dysmenorrhea
    • Female urethral syndrome (irritable bladder)

  • Definition

    Fibromyalgia is a complex, chronic, and disabling disorder. It causes widespread pain. It also causes poor sleep and fatigue.

    Fibromyalgia Trigger Points
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Diagnosis

    The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.

    The doctor will look for the following signs:

    • Widespread pain lasting three months or longer
    • Tenderness (on physical exam) in

      specific areas of the body

    Your doctor may do tests to make sure your symptoms are not due to other conditions.

  • Prevention

    There are no current guidelines to prevent fibromyalgia.

  • Risk Factors

    Fibromyalgia is more common in women, and in people aged 20-60 years old. Physical or mental stress may also increase your chance of getting fibromyalgia.

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms and severity of fibromyalgia are different for everyone.

    Fibromyalgia may cause:

    • Generlized pain and tenderness
    • Fatigue
    • Weakness
    • Poor sleep
    • Reduced physical endurance
    • Problems with concentration, thought, or memory

    Factors that may trigger or worsen symptoms include:

    • Weather changes, especially cold, damp weather
    • Stress or
      anxiety
    • Overexertion
    • Medical illness
    • Surgery

  • Treatment

    The goal of treatment is to relieve or control the symptoms. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include: