Finger Dislocation

A finger dislocation is when the finger bone is knocked out of place. A dislocation also often involves stretching or damage to the ligaments. Ligaments are strong bands of fiber that help hold bones in place. Dislocation can happen in any of the finger joints.

  • Causes

    A dislocated finger is usually caused by:

    • A jamming force applied to the end of the finger
    • Finger being forcefully twisted or bent
    • Finger being overextended (bent backward)

  • Definition

    A finger dislocation is when the a finger bone is knocked out of place. A dislocation also often involves stretching or damage to the ligaments. Ligaments are strong bands of fiber that help hold bones in place. Dislocation can happen in any of the finger joints.

    Finger Dislocation With Swelling
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  • Diagnosis

    The doctor will ask about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. The injured finger will also be examined.


    Your doctor may order an x-ray. This can help rule out broken bones. It may also be used to make sure the bone is back in the correct place.

  • Prevention

    To help prevent a finger dislocation wear proper padding and safety equipment when participating in sports. Work with a coach or other professional to learn proper techniques and safety steps.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that increase your risk of dislocation include:

    • Contact sports
    • Previous finger dislocation or sprain
    • Medical conditions or disease that make ligaments weak or loose such as Ehlers-Danlos or Marfan syndrome

  • Symptoms

    A dislocated finger may have:

    • Severe pain
    • Crooked or awkwardly bent shape
    • Swelling and bruising in the injured area
    • Numbness and/or tingling
    • Inability to bend or straighten

  • Treatment