Finger Fracture

A finger fracture is a break in any of the bones in a finger. Each finger consists of three bones called the phalanges. The thumb has only two phalanges.

  • Causes

    A finger fracture is caused by trauma to the finger. Trauma includes:

    • Falls
    • Blows
    • Collisions
    • Severe twists

  • Definition

    A finger fracture is a break in any of the bones in a finger. Each finger consists of three bones called the phalanges. The thumb has only two phalanges.

    Finger Fracture
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  • Diagnosis

    The doctor will ask about your symptoms, your physical activity, and how the injury occurred. The injured finger will be examined. The doctor will order x-rays of the finger to determine which bones are broken and the type of fracture.

  • Prevention

    To help reduce your chance of finger fractures, take these steps:

    • Do not put yourself at risk for trauma to the bone.
    • Always wear a seatbelt when driving or riding in a car.
    • Do weight-bearing and strengthening exercises regularly to build strong bones.
    • Wear proper padding and safety equipment when participating in sports or activities.

    To help reduce falling hazards at work and home, take these steps:

    • Clean spills and slippery areas right away
    • Remove tripping hazards such as loose cords, rugs, and clutter
    • Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and shower
    • Install grab bars next to the toilet and in the shower or tub
    • Put in handrails on both sides of stairways
    • Walk only in well-lit rooms, stairs, and halls
    • Keep flashlights on hand in case of a power outage

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your risk of a finger fracture include:

    • Advancing age
    • Osteoporosis
    • Poor nutrition
    • Certain congenital bone conditions
    • Participation in contact sports
    • Violence

  • Symptoms

    A finger fracture may cause:

    • Pain, often severe
    • Swelling and tenderness
    • Inability to move finger without pain or difficulty
    • Possible deformity at fracture site

  • Treatment

    Proper treatment can prevent long-term complications or problems with your finger, such as immobility or misalignment. Treatment will depend on how serious the fracture is, but may include: