Resources

  • References


    Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 21, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2014.


    Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 21, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2014.

    Barnert J, Messmann H. Management of lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2008;22(2):295-312.


    Bleeding in the digestive tract. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
    http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/bleeding. Updated March 27, 2012. Accessed June 20, 2014.


    Common cancer types. National Cancer Institute website. Available at:
    www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/commoncancers. Updated March 21, 2014. Accessed June 20, 2014.

    Laine L, Jensen DM. Managment of patients with ulcer bleeding. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012;107(3):345-360.


    Laine L, Smith R, Min K, Chen C, Dubois RW. Systematic review: the lower gastrointestinal adverse effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006;24(5):751-767.


    Loke YK, Derry S. Risk of gastrointestinal haemorrhage with long-term use of aspirin: meta-analysis.
    BMJ.
    2000;321:1183.


    Wilcox CM, Alexander LN, Cotsonis GA, Clark WS. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with both upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
    Dig Dis Sci. 1997;42(5):990-997.

  • Resources

    The American College of Gastroenterology

    http://www.gi.org

    American Gastroenterological Association

    http://www.gastro.org

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

    http://www.cag-acg.org