Hypovolemia in Infants

Hypovolemia is a low level of blood in the body. Lower levels of blood make it difficult to get nutrients and oxygen to the entire body. Hypovolemia will affect the entire body but certain organs are at higher risk of damage. Organs that are very active like heart, kidney, brain, and liver may be affected the most. This condition is serious. Your baby will need care right away.

  • Causes

    Hypovolemia may be caused by:

    • Blood loss–from an injury or illness
    • Dehydration which may be caused by:

      • Problems absorbing fluids in the digestive tract
      • Trouble feeding
      • Illness with vomiting or diarrhea.

  • Definition

    Hypovolemia is a low level of blood in the body. Lower levels of blood make it difficult to get nutrients and oxygen to the entire body. Hypovolemia will affect the entire body but certain organs are at higher risk of damage. Organs that are very active like heart, kidney, brain, and liver may be affected the most.

    Cardiopulmonary System
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    This condition is serious. Your baby will need care right away.

  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your baby’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.

    Your doctor may check your baby’s blood flow by putting pressure on a nail bed.

  • Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent hypovolemia. It is important to notice signs of dehydration and begin treatment right away.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that increase your baby’s risk of getting hypovolemia include:

    • Trauma, including complications at birth
    • Trauma with excessive bleeding
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • A severe burn
    • Certain medicines
    • Surgery
    • Infection
    • Illness of intestines or stomach

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Restlessness
    • Irritability
    • Cool, clammy skin
    • Rapid heart beat
    • Weakness
    • Abnormal drowsiness
    • Dry mouth
    • Absence of tears
    • Reduced urine output
    • Changes in breathing

  • Treatment

    Talk with your baby’s doctor about the best treatment plan.

    Options include: