Botoman VA, Bonner GF, et al. Management of inflammatory bowel disease. American Family Physician website. Available at:
. Published 1998.
Accessed June 27, 2007.
Brandt LJ, Steiner-Grossman P, eds.
Treating IBD: A Patient’s Guide to the Medical and Surgical Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
. New York, NY: Raven Press; 1989.
Inflammatory bowel disease. American Academy of Family Physicians website.
Updated February 2011. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
. Updated November 25, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Steiner-Grossman P, Banks PA, et al, eds.
The New People Not Patients: A Source Book for Living With IBD
. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company; 1992.
American Academy of Family Physicians
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
Canadian Family Physician