• References

    Bites and stings. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated August 16, 2012. Accessed September 27, 2012.

    Bug bites and stings. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: Accessed September 25, 2012.

    The buzz on insect bites and stings. Nemours Foundation website. Available at: Accessed September 27, 2012.

    Clark S, Camargo CA Jr. Emergency treatment and prevention of insect-sting anaphylaxis.
    Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;6:279-83.

    Foex BA, Lee C: Oral antihistamines for insect bites.
    Emergency Med J. 2006:23:721-22.

    Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2008.

    Graft DF. Insect sting allergy.
    Med Clin North Am. 2006;90:211-32.

    Lewis FS, Smith LJ: What’s eating you?Bees, part 1: characteristics, reactions, and management.
    Cutis. 2007:78:439-44

    Lewis FS, smith LJ: What’s eating you? Bees. Part 2: Venom immunotherapy and mastocytosis.
    Cutis. 2007:80:33-7

    Marx JA, et al. Rosen's Emergency Medicine.7th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.; 2009.

  • Resources

    American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

    Nemours Foundation

  • Canadian Resources

    Allergy/Asthma Information Association

    Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety