In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, foods and liquids are unable to pass through the intestine, causing a build-up of food, fluid, and gas in all or part of the colon. The symptoms of this condition acts like a mechanical bowel obstruction , but no blockage is found when doctors examine the intestine.
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by problems with the muscles and nerves of the intestine.
In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, foods and liquids are unable to pass through the intestine, causing a build-up of food, fluid, and gas in all or part of the colon. The symptoms of this condition acts like
mechanical bowel obstruction
, but no blockage is found when doctors examine the intestine.
The Intestines Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. Other tests may include:
—a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body
- Abdominal CT scan
—a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of structures inside the body
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
Many cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction cannot be prevented. But certain measures can be taken after surgery to help avoid the complication of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. These measures include:
- Early oral feeding
- Gum chewing
- Fluid restriction
- Medications that inhibit opioid receptors
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. The following factors are thought to increase the risk of developing intestinal pseudo-obstruction:
- Abdominal hemorrhage
- Intestinal ischemia (insufficient blood supply to the digestive system)
- Inflammation (eg, infection)
- Metabolic problems
Fluid overload (eg,
congestive heart failure
- Other medical illnesses associated with pain
- Some medications
Symptoms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction may include:
- Stomach pain
- Reduction in bowel movements
- Loose stools
- Bladder problems
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: