Jock itch is a fungal infection of the skin on the groin and inner area of the thighs. The medical name for jock itch is tinea cruris .
Common fungus organisms that grow best in warm, moist areas cause jock itch. Fungus can be transmitted from one person to another by:
- Direct contact between people
- Indirect contact (such as sharing towels that are infected with the fungus)
Jock itch is a fungal infection of the skin on the groin and inner area of the thighs. The medical name for jock itch is
Jock itch can usually be diagnosed based on the appearance and location of the rash. Other skin problems may look similar to jock itch. If you are not certain of the diagnosis, contact your doctor.
Typical Location of Rash Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
The doctor will ask:
- About your symptoms and medical history
- Do a physical exam
In some cases, your doctor may order a lab test of the infected skin area.
Take these steps to help prevent jock itch:
- Shower regularly.
- Always shower soon after exercising or perspiring heavily.
- After showering, dry the groin area thoroughly.
- Wear loose-fitting clothing.
- Wear cotton underwear and breathable clothing.
- Avoid wearing clothing that chafes your groin.
- Always wash your clothes (especially underwear, athletic supporters).
- Do not share towels or clothing with others.
- Do not wear wet swimsuits for a long period of time.
- Do not store damp clothing in your locker or gym bag.
- Avoid contact with persons with the infection.
Hot, humid conditions can increase your risk of jock itch. Other risk factors include:
- Perspiring heavily
- Wearing tight clothing
- Wearing dirty clothing, especially underwear or athletic supporters
- Infrequently changing underwear
- Infrequent showering
- Sharing towels or clothing with other people
- Using public showers or locker rooms
- Contact sports such as wrestling
- Having an immune system disorder
Both men and women can be affected. The condition is more common in men, especially those who perspire heavily.
Jock itch causes a chafed, itchy, and sometimes painful rash around the groin and thigh. The area near the anus may also be affected. The rash is:
- Usually red, tan, or brown
- Usually defined clearly at the edges
- Often slightly scaly
- May be swollen or have blisters
Over-the-counter antifungal creams can usually treat jock itch. Creams or lotions work better on jock itch than sprays. In severe or persistent cases, your doctor may prescribe stronger creams or oral medicine. Use your prescription for the entire time that your doctor recommends. This will help prevent the rash from returning. If your rash does not go away within a month of treatment, call your doctor.