Menopause

Menopause is the time when a woman's menstrual period ends. Menopause is considered complete when a woman has been without her period for one year. Menopause can occur any time between ages 40 and 60. On average, it occurs at age 51. Menopause is gradual. The period of time leading up to complete menopause is called perimenopause. Premature menopause occurs before the age of 40. Menopause can also be surgically induced when the ovaries are removed. Menopause is a natural process. Treatment is used to reduce the symptoms associated with menopause.

  • Causes

    Menopause is caused by a gradual decrease in a hormone called estrogen. Estrogen is released by the ovaries. The decrease in estrogen eventually stops the ovaries from releasing eggs.

  • Definition

    Menopause is the time when a woman's menstrual period ends. Menopause is considered complete when a woman has been without her period for one year. Menopause can occur any time between ages 40 and 60. On average, it occurs at age 51.

    Menopause is gradual. The period of time leading up to complete menopause is called perimenopause. Premature menopause occurs before the age of 40. Menopause can also be surgically induced when the ovaries are removed.

    Menopause is a natural process. Treatment is used to reduce the symptoms associated with menopause.

  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.


    Natural menopause is diagnosed when a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.
    Menopause may need to be confirmed if it was caused by a surgical procedure.
    A blood test may be done to look for
    follicle-stimulating hormone
    (FSH). High levels of FSH may indicate menopause.

  • Prevention

    Menopause is a natural biologic event that does not need to be prevented.

  • Risk Factors

    Menopause is a natural process associated with aging.

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Irregular menstrual periods
    • Hot flashes and night sweats

    • Disturbed sleep patterns,
      which may progress to
      insomnia

    • Mood changes, which may include irritability,
      anxiety
      or
      depression
    • Vaginal dryness and pain with sexual intercourse
    • Dry skin
    • Decreased interest in sex
    • Frequent urination or leaking of urine

  • Treatment


    Menopause is a natural part of life. It does not necessarily require treatment. However, symptoms and health risks associated with low estrogen can be treated. These include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and
    osteoporosis
    , which is a loss of bone mass.

    Osteoporosis in Hip
    Osteoporosis
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