• References

    Premedication (antibiotics). American Dental Association's Mouth Healthy website. Available at: Updated May 9, 2013.

    Infective endocarditis. American Heart Association website. Available at: Updated April 12, 2013. Accessed May 9, 2013.

    Fauci AS, Braunwald E, et al.
    Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.

    Mitral stenosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 16, 2012. Accessed May 9, 2013.

    Shipton B
    and Wahba H. Valvular heart disease: review and update.
    Am Fam Physician. 20011;63:2201.

  • Resources

    American Heart Association

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Cardiovascular Society

    The College of Family Physicians of Canada