• References

    Counsel P, Breidahl W. Muscle injuries of the lower leg.
    Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2010 Jun;14(2):162-175.

    Muscle strain. Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: Accessed May 13, 2014.

    Orchard J, Best TM, et al. Return to play following muscle strains.
    Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2005 Nov;15(6):436-41.

    Sprains, strains, and other soft-tissue injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedics website. Available at: Updated July 2007. Accessed May 13, 2014.

    Zeni A, Morfe EG.
    Frontera: Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Hanley and Belfus; 2002; chap 62.

    1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

  • Resources

    American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine - American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

  • Canadian Resources

    Public Health Agency of Canada