Nausea and Vomiting-Adult
Nausea is that uneasy feeling in the stomach that may make a person want to vomit. Vomiting is the act of throwing up stomach contents through the mouth.
Nausea and vomiting are symptoms caused by a condition or disease. Many illnesses can cause nausea and vomiting, like:
- Motion sickness
- Food poisoning
- Head injury
Serious conditions that can cause nausea and vomiting include:
- Heart attack
- Kidney or liver disorders
- Nervous system disorders
Brain disorders or
—inflammation of the appendix
- Migraine headache
- Intestinal obstruction
Other causes include:
- Emotional stress
- General anesthesia
is that uneasy feeling in the stomach that may make a person want to vomit.
is the act of throwing up stomach contents through the mouth.
Your doctor will ask you questions, like:
- How long have you felt nauseous?
- How long has the vomiting occurred?
- Does the vomiting happen near mealtime?
- Are you taking any medications?
- Have you traveled recently?
- Have you had any injuries to your head?
- Have you lost any weight?
How often have you been urinating? Vomiting may cause
and low urine output.
A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Pregnancy test in women
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Ultrasound of the Abdomen The doctor uses a hand-held instrument called a transducer, which uses sound waves to make images of your abdomen. Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
To help reduce your chance of experiencing nausea or vomiting, take the following steps:
- Eat small meals throughout the day.
- Eat slowly.
- Rest after eating.
- Drink liquids between meals, instead of during meals.
Always wash your hands
- Make sure you
properly handle food
condition or disease that can cause nausea or vomiting
is a risk factor.
In some cases, you may have other symptoms in addition to nausea and vomiting.
If you have any of these symptoms, call for medical help right away:
- Blood in the vomit
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck
- Feeling very tired
- Not feeling alert
- Severe abdominal pain or chest pain
- Fever over 101°F (38°C)
- Severe diarrhea
- Rapid breathing or heartbeat
In some cases, you may be able to manage nausea and vomiting at home.