Nearsightedness

People with nearsightedness, or myopia, usually have difficulty seeing far objects. In severe cases, they can have trouble seeing objects both far and near.

  • Causes

    Nearsightedness is a type of refractive error, which means the shape of the eye does not bend light correctly, so images are blurred. This usually occurs with an eyeball that is longer or a cornea that is steeper than normal.

  • Definition

    People with nearsightedness, or myopia, usually have difficulty seeing far objects. In severe cases, they can have trouble seeing objects both far and near.

    Myopia
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  • Diagnosis

    A vision specialist will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You will be given an eye exam and checked to see if prescription lenses will help improve your vision.

  • Prevention

    There are no current guidelines to prevent nearsightedness.

  • Risk Factors

    Nearsightedness is more likely to occur in people who have family members with the same condition.

    Although the evidence is conflicting, some specialists believe that chronic near work, such as prolonged periods of reading or the daily use of a computer may also increase your chance of developing nearsightedness.

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Blurred vision of distant objects
    • Squinting
    • Headaches
    • Eyestrain

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include: