Nicotine Addiction

Nictotine addiction is when a person becomes dependent on nicotine. Being dependent means there is a physical change in how your body reacts to a substance. Your body will also have a reaction when you stop using the substance. Nicotine can be found in tobacco products such as cigarettes, snuff, chewing tobacco, cigars, or pipes. Tobacco use is also associated with several serious health conditions, such as: Nicotine addition can be treated, often with a combination of treatments.

  • Causes

    Nicotine acts on the brain's chemistry. It creates feelings of pleasure. However, the effects go away within a few minutes. Users will need to continue using nicotine to keep the good feelings going. This cycle can lead to addiction.

  • Definition

    Nictotine addiction is when a person becomes dependent on nicotine. Being dependent means there is a physical change in how your body reacts to a substance. Your body will also have a reaction when you stop using the substance.

    Nicotine can be found in tobacco products such as cigarettes, snuff, chewing tobacco, cigars, or pipes. Tobacco use is also associated with several serious health conditions, such as:

    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Emphysema

    • Cancer, like cancers of the
      larynx (voice box), oral cavity,
      throat,
      esophagus,
      lung, and
      colon
    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Dementia

    • Increased risk of stillbirth, infant death, low birth weight,
      miscarriage
      ,
      premature delivery
      , or
      sudden infant death syndrome
    • Shorter life span
    • Problems if you have surgery
    Throat Cancer
    Throat cancer
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    Nicotine addition can be treated, often with a combination of treatments.

  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, medical and smoking history. A physical exam will be done.

    Breathing tests may also be done to see how well your lungs are working.

    Your doctor may monitor your nicotine use by checking a cotinine level in your saliva or blood.

  • Prevention

    The best prevention is to never use tobacco products. Try to avoid places where people are smoking.

  • Risk Factors

    Anyone who uses nicotine products can become addicted to the substance.

    The risk may increased with:

    • Family history or exposure to smoking
    • Exposure to smoking in movies
    • Depression
    • Victims of bullying

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms develop when nicotine is not being used, also known as withdrawal. Symptoms of withdrawal include:

    • Irritability
    • Craving
    • Nervousness
    • Headache
    • Thinking and attention problems
    • Trouble sleeping
    • Increased appetite

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment may involve one or more therapies. Options include: