Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by excessive perfectionism and a need for control over one's environment. People with OCPD tend to be reliable and orderly, but also inflexible and unable to surrender control.

  • Causes

    It is not clear what causes personality disorders, but it is likely a combination of inherited factors and a person's environment.

  • Definition

    Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by excessive perfectionism and a need for control over one's environment. People with OCPD tend to be reliable and orderly, but also inflexible and unable to surrender control.

  • Diagnosis

    You will likely be referred to a psychiatrist or therapist, who will ask you about your symptoms and mental and medical health history. A diagnosis will be made after a complete psychiatric assessment.

  • Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent OCPD. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce how much the personality traits interfere with your life.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your risk of developing OCPD include:

    • Sex: males, especially in early adulthood
    • Family history of OCPD or OCD
    • Background of harsh discipline
    • Being the oldest child

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Perfectionism interfering with task completion
    • Rigidity
    • Being frugal with money
    • Overattention to detail
    • Excessive devotion to work
    • Inability to discard worn or useless lis
    • Extreme morality
    • Inability to delegate tasks or share
    • Stiff, formal, and/or rigid mannerisms
    • Extreme preciseness and/or punctuality

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: