Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease is inflammation of the bone and surrounding soft tissue just below the knee. It occurs at the point where the shinbone attaches to the tendon of the kneecap.

  • Causes

    Osgood-Schlatter disease is caused by repeated tension or stress on the upper part of the shinbone during its growth spurts.

  • Definition

    Osgood-Schlatter disease is inflammation of the bone and surrounding soft tissue just below the knee. It occurs at the point where the shinbone attaches to the tendon of the kneecap.

    The Knee
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  • Diagnosis


    The doctor will ask about your symptoms, medical history, and physical activity. An examination of your knee will be done. Diagnosis is based on the symptoms. In some cases, you may have an
    x-ray
    or an ultrasound
    of the knee.

  • Prevention

    To prevent the occurrence or recurrence of Osgood-Schlatter disease:

    • Encourage overweight children to lose weight.
    • Encourage children to exercise regularly but moderately, and to avoid weight-bearing activities that put excessive stress on the patellar tendon. These include jogging, jumping, and sudden turning.
    • Ask your child's doctor for stretching and strengthening exercises for the shinbone/patellar tendon.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your risk of getting this condition include:

    • Sex: males are at greater risk than females
    • Age: 10 to 18 years old
    • Rapid growth spurts
    • Activities that stress the patellar tendon, such as jogging, jumping, and sudden turning
    • Being overweight

  • Symptoms

    Osgood-Schatter disease may cause:

    • Pain, swelling, and/or tenderness just below the knee that usually worsens during physical activity
    • A swollen, painful bump just below the knee

  • Treatment

    Osgood-Schlatter disease may go away when the bones and tendons have finished growing.
    The bump may be permanent.

    Treatment may include: