• References

    Juhn MS. Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a review and guidelines for treatment.
    Am Fam Physician. 1999; (60)7: 2012-2022.

    Labella C. Patellofemoral pain syndrome: evaluation and treatment.
    Prim Care Clin Office Pract. 2004; 31: 977-1003.

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome.
    Am Fam Physician. 1999 Nov 1;60(7):2019-2022. Available at: Accessed May 3, 2013.

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed February 18, 2014.

    1/24/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Fukuda TY, Rossetto FM, Magalhães E, Bryk FF, Lucareli PR, de Almeida Aparecida Carvalho N.

    Short-term effects of hip abductors and lateral rotators strengthening in females with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Family Physicians

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    The President’s Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association