Postpartum depression is a type of depression that affects some women shortly after childbirth. It is not uncommon for women to experience temporary mood disorders after giving birth. If it goes on for more than two week, it is called postpartum depression.
The cause of postpartum depression is unclear. The cause may be related to sudden hormonal changes during and after delivery. Untreated thyroid conditions may also be associated with postpartum depression.
is a type of
that affects some women shortly after childbirth. It is not uncommon for women to experience temporary mood disorders after giving birth. If it goes on for more than two week, it is called postpartum depression.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam may be done. Your doctor may ask you to have blood tests to see if an undiagnosed physical problem, like a thyroid condition, could be contributing to your symptoms. You may be referred to a mental health professional.
Since postpartum depression is aggravated by stress, life stressors should be kept to a minimum after delivery. The following may help prevent postpartum depression:
Factors that can increase your chance of developing postpartum depression include:
- Previous episode of
or postpartum depression
- Family member with depression
- Lack of support system and/or strained relationship with partner
- Difficulty with breastfeeding
Central Nervous System Hormonal changes in the brain may contribute to postpartum depression. Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
- Previous episode of
Symptoms usually occur within six months after childbirth, though they may begin during the pregnancy and may last from a few weeks to a few months. It most often started within the first few weeks after childbirth. Symptoms may range from mild depression to severe psychosis.
Symptoms may include:
- Loss of interest or pleasure in life
- Change in weight or appetite
- Rapid mood swings
- Poor concentration, memory loss, difficulty making decisions
- Sleeping too much
Feelings of irritability,
anxiety, or panic
- Feelings of hopelessness or guilt
- Obsessive thoughts, especially unreasonable, repetitive fears about your child’s health and welfare
- Lack of energy or motivation
- Thoughts or death or suicide
More serious symptoms associated with postpartum depression that may require immediate medical attention include:
- Lack of interest in your infant
- Fear of hurting or killing oneself or one's child
- Hallucinations or delusions
- Loss of contact with reality
Treatment for postpartum depression may include counseling, medication, or both.