• References

    Baron J, Barnes K. Regulation of skeletal growth. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: Annual report of the Division of Intramural Research; 2004. Accessed June 27, 2007.

    Blondell RD, Foster MB, Kamlesh CD. Disorders of puberty.
    Am Fam Physician. 1999 Jul 1;60(1):209-218. Available at: Accessed July 16, 2013.

    Cesario SK, Hughes LA. Precocious puberty: a comprehensive review of literature.
    J Ob Gyn Neonatal Nurs.

    Himes JH, Obarzanek E, et al. Early sexual maturation, body composition, and obesity in African-American girls.
    Obesity Research. 2004;12:64S-72S.

    Papathanasiou A, Hadjiathanasiou C. Precocious puberty.
    Ped Endocr Rev. 2006;3:182-187.

    Precocious puberty. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    Updated July 3, 2013. Accessed July 16, 2013.

    Puberty and precocious puberty. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website. Available at:
    Updated April 3, 2013. Accessed July 16, 2013.

    VN Brito, AC Latronico, et al. Update on the etiology, diagnosis and therapeutic management of sexual precocity.
    Arq Bras Endrocrinol Metab.
    2008; 52(1):18-31.

    Wang Y. Is obesity associated with early sexual maturation? A comparison of the association in American boys versus girls.
    Pediatrics. 2002;110:903-910.

    12/13/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Biro FM, Galvez MP, Greenspan LC, et al. Pubertal assessment method and baseline characteristics in a mixed longitudinal study of girls.

  • Resources

    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

    Nemours Foundation

  • Canadian Resources

    The Hospital for Sick Children