Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) occurs just prior to menstruation and is characterized by significant: Depression ; Irritability ; Tension PMDD is much more severe and less common than PMS .

  • Causes

    The exact cause is not known.

  • Definition


    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) occurs just prior to menstruation and is characterized by significant:

    • Depression
    • Irritability
    • Tension


    PMDD is much more severe and less common than
    PMS
    .

  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will diagnose PMDD based on your symptoms. You may be asked to keep a record of when your symptoms occur and how severe they are.

    Your doctor may also order:

    • Blood tests
    • Tests to check hormone levels

  • Prevention


    To reduce your chance of PMDD, take these steps:

    • Get plenty of exercise and rest.
    • Eat a well-balanced diet.
    • Manage stress.

  • Risk Factors


    Factors that may increase the risk of PMDD include:

    • Having hormonal changes
    • Having a family history of PMDD
    • Experiencing a lot of stress or a traumatic life event

    • Having
      depression
      or another mental health condition

    Microscopic View of Hormone Receptor
    molecule and receptor
    Menstruation causes many hormonal changes, which may play a role in PMDD.
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Symptoms


    Symptoms include:

    • Extreme sadness
    • Frequent crying
    • Irritability
    • Anxiety
    • Unusually strong cravings for certain foods
    • Difficulty concentrating or paying attention
    • Insomnia
    • Panic attacks
    • Mood swings
    • Fatigue or lack of energy
    • Physical symptoms (eg, sore breasts, headaches, joint or muscle pain, swelling, bloating)

    Symptoms typically begin 10-14 days prior to the start of menstruation.

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: