Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) occurs just prior to menstruation and is characterized by significant: Depression ; Irritability ; Tension PMDD is much more severe and less common than PMS .
The exact cause is not known.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) occurs just prior to menstruation and is characterized by significant:
PMDD is much more severe and less common than
Your doctor will diagnose PMDD based on your symptoms. You may be asked to keep a record of when your symptoms occur and how severe they are.
Your doctor may also order:
- Blood tests
- Tests to check hormone levels
To reduce your chance of PMDD, take these steps:
- Get plenty of exercise and rest.
- Eat a well-balanced diet.
- Manage stress.
Factors that may increase the risk of PMDD include:
- Having hormonal changes
- Having a family history of PMDD
- Experiencing a lot of stress or a traumatic life event
or another mental health condition
Microscopic View of Hormone Receptor Menstruation causes many hormonal changes, which may play a role in PMDD. Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
- Extreme sadness
- Frequent crying
- Unusually strong cravings for certain foods
- Difficulty concentrating or paying attention
- Panic attacks
- Mood swings
- Fatigue or lack of energy
- Physical symptoms (eg, sore breasts, headaches, joint or muscle pain, swelling, bloating)
Symptoms typically begin 10-14 days prior to the start of menstruation.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: