Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by odd behaviors, beliefs, thoughts, and difficulties in social situations. People with personality disorders are not aware that their thoughts and behaviors are inappropriate.

  • Causes

    It is not clear what causes personality disorders, but it is likely a combination of genetic factors and a person's environment.

    Frontal Lobe of the Brain
    Frontal lobe
    Although the cause of personality disorders is not clear, it is believed that the frontal lobe is where personality and impulses arise.
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  • Definition

    Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by odd behaviors, beliefs, thoughts, and difficulties in social situations. People with personality disorders are not aware that their thoughts and behaviors are inappropriate.

  • Diagnosis


    You will likely be referred to a psychiatrist or other mental health professional who will ask you about your symptoms and mental and medical health history. A diagnosis will be made after a complete psychiatric assessment that rules out other disorders, such as
    schizophrenia, dissociative disorders,
    obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, or other personality disorders.

  • Prevention

    There are no current guidelines to prevent schizotypal personality disorder.

  • Risk Factors


    Schizotypal personality disorder is more common in men. People who have relatives with
    schizophrenia may have an increased chance of developing schizotypal personality disorder.

  • Symptoms

    Schizotypal personality may cause:

    • Detachment from social relationships and difficulty forming relationships
    • Limited range of emotional expression
    • Odd or eccentric speech, dress, and grooming
    • Unusual style of communication
    • Illusions and alterations in perception
    • "Magical" thinking
    • Peculiar, outlandish, or paranoid ideas or beliefs

    • Social
      anxiety
    • Talking to self

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include: