Short Bowel Syndrome

Short bowel syndrome is a complication that can occur in people who have a large part or all of their small intestine removed.

  • Causes

    Short bowel syndrome occurs when half or more of the small intestine is removed. It reduces the absorption of vitamins and minerals from food.

  • Definition

    Short bowel syndrome is a complication that can occur in people who have a large part or all of their small intestine removed.

    The Small Intestines
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  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Blood tests may also be performed to check for nutritional and absorption problems.

  • Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent short bowel syndrome.

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that may increase your risk of short bowel syndrome include:

    • Crohn's disease
      , which is the most common reason for the removal of the small intestine
    • Vascular problems
    • Premature birth or very low birth weight
    • Necrotizing enterocolitis
    • Intestinal atresias
    • Gastroschesis

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms of short bowel syndrome may include:

    • Diarrhea
    • Cramping
    • Bloating
    • Heartburn
    • Malnourishment
    • Poor growth
    • Dehydration
    • Weakness
    • Fatigue
    • Depression
    • Weight loss
    • Food sensitivities

  • Treatment

    Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include: