• References

    Bono CM. Low-back pain in athletes.
    Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. 2004;86-A(2):382-396.

    Eddy D, Congeni J, et al. A review of spine injuries and return to play.
    Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2005;15(6):453-458.

    Herman MJ, Pizzutillo PD. Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in the child and adolescent: a new classification.
    Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 2005;(434):46-54.

    Low-risk stress fractures.
    American Journal of Sports Medicine January 2001.

    Peer KS, Fascione JM. Spondylolysis: a review and treatment approach.
    Orthopaedic Nursing. 2007;26(2):104-111.

    Sakai T, Yamada H, et al. Lumbar spinal disorders in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy: a clinical and biomechanical study.
    Spine. 2006;31(3):E66-70.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - American Academy of Pediatrics

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association