• References

    Belafsky PC, Postma GN, et al. Steakhouse syndrome in a man with a lower esophageal ring and a hiatal hernia.
    Ear Nose Throat J.

    Chae HS, Lee TK, et al. Two cases of steakhouse syndrome associated with nutcracker esophagus.
    Dis Esophagus.

    DiPalma JA, Brady CE III. Steakhouse spasm.
    J Clin Gastroenterol.

    Esophageal food bolus obstruction (steakhouse syndrome). National Center for Emergency Medicine Informatics. Available at: Accessed November 22, 2010.

    Stadler J, Hölscher AH, et al. The "steakhouse syndrome." Primary and definitive diagnosis and therapy.
    Surg Endosc.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery

    The American College of Gastroenterology

  • Canadian Resources

    The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology

    Canadian Society of Otolaryngology