• References

    Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: Updated November 2010. Accessed August 7, 2013.

    Karahaliou M, Vaiopoulos G, et al. Colour duplex sonography of temporal arteries before decision for biopsy: a prospective study in 55 patients with suspected giant cell arteritis.
    Arthritis Res Ther.

    Larsson K, Mellström D, et al. Early menopause, low body mass index, and smoking are independent risk factors for developing giant cell arteritis.
    Ann Rheum Dis.

    Parikh M, Miller NR, et al. Prevalence of a normal c-reactive protein with an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate in biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis.
    Ophthalmology. 2006;113(10):1842-1845.

    Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Available at: Accessed August 7, 2013.

    Smetana GW, Shmerling RH. Does this patient have temporal arteritis?
    2002; 287:92.

    Temporal arteritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated September 18, 2012. Accessed August 7, 2013.

    Yellin AE, DeMeester TR.
    Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California. JAMA Surgery. 2004;139(11):1146-1147.

  • Resources

    Arthritis Foundation

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Cardiovascular Society

    Canadian Society of Otolaryngology