• References

    Borodic GE, Acquadro MA.
    The use of botulinum toxin for the treatment of chronic facial pain.
    J Pain. 2002;3(1):21-27.

    Haley DP, Schiffman EL, et al. The relationship between clinical and MRI findings in patients with unilateral temporomandibular joint pain.
    J Am Dent Assoc. 2001;132(4):476-481.

    National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed July 12, 2013.

    Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction
    . EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 31, 2013.
    Accessed July 12, 2013.

    DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Turner JA, Mancl L, Aaron LA. Short- and long-term efficacy of brief cognitive-behavioral therapy for patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder pain: a randomized, controlled trial

  • Resources

    American Dental Association

    The TMJ Association

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Dental Association

    Canadian Society of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery