• References

    Crotti FM, Carai A, Carai M, et al. TOS pathophysiology and clinical features.
    Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2005;92:7-12.

    Huang JH, Zager EL. Thoracic outlet syndrome.
    Neurosurgery. 2004;55:897-902.

    Nord KM, Kapoor P, Fisher J, et al. False positive rate of thoracic outlet syndrome diagnostic maneuvers.
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol.

    Sanders RJ, Hammond SL, Rao NM. Diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc
    Surg. 2007;46:601-604.

    Thoracic outlet syndrome. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: Updated January 2011. Accessed July 19, 2013.

    Thoracic outlet syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 21, 2013. Accessed July 19, 2013.

    Thoracic outlet syndrome. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: Updated December 28, 2011. Accessed July 19, 2013.

    Wehbe M, Leinberry C. Current trends in treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome.
    Hand Clin. 2004;20:119-121.

  • Resources

    Occupational Safety & Health Administration

    The Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma (NISMAT)

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS)

    Public Health Agency of Canada