• References

    Cervical dystonia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated August 29, 2012. Accessed October 8, 2013.

    Cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis). Dystonia Medical Research Foundation website. Available at: Accessed October 8, 2013.

    Collins A, Jankovic J. Botulinum toxin injection for congenital muscular torticollis presenting in children and adults.
    Neurology. 2006;67:1083-1085.

    Corrado G, Fossati C, et al. Irritable oesophagus: A new cause of Sandifer's syndrome.
    Acta Paediatr. 2006;95:1509-1510.

    Dystonias fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: Updated July 2, 2013. Accessed October 8, 2013.

    Herman MJ. Torticollis in infants and children: common and unusual causes.
    Instr Course Lect. 2006;55:647-653.

    Hoehn KS, Capouya JD, et al. Lemierre-like syndrome caused by community-associated
    methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus complicated by hemorrhagic pericarditis.
    Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010;11(3):e32-5.

    Preto TE, Dalvi A, et al. A prospective blinded evaluation of deep brain stimulation for the treatment of secondary dystonia and primary torticollis syndromes.
    J Neurosurg.

  • Resources

    Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

    National Spasmodic Torticollis Association

  • Canadian Resources

    The College of Family Physicians of Canada