Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of severe, chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) , which causes:

  • Causes

    The exact cause is unknown. A virus or bacteria may cause the immune system to overreact and damage the colon and rectum.

  • Definition


    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of severe, chronic
    inflammatory bowel disease
    (IBD)

    , which causes:

    • Inflammation
    • Ulcers
    • Bleeding in the lining of the colon and rectum
    Ulcerative Colitis
    IMAGE
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  • Diagnosis

    The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam.
    Your doctor may order tests, such as:

    • Blood tests
    • Stool test
    • Barium enema
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Biopsy

  • Prevention

    There are no guidelines for preventing this condition.

  • Risk Factors


    Having a family member with IBD (includes UC and
    Crohn's disease
    ) may increase your risk of developing UC.

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Diarrhea
    • Abdominal cramps and pain
    • Rectal bleeding
    • Anemia
    • Weight loss
    • Fatigue, weakness
    • Nausea
    • Fever

  • Treatment

    Treatment options may include: