Uveitis

Uveitis is inflammation of the middle layer of the eye. This middle layer of the eye is called the uvea. Uveitis is a potentially serious condition. It requires care from your doctor to prevent vision loss.

  • Causes

    Most often the cause of uveitis is not clear.

    Some uveitis may be caused by a trauma to the eye or an infection, such as:

    • Syphilis
    • Tuberculosis
    • Toxoplasmosis
    • Herpes viruses
    • West Nile virus
    • Mumps

  • Definition

    Uveitis is inflammation of the middle layer of the eye. This middle layer of the eye is called the uvea.

    Uveitis is a potentially serious condition. It requires care from your doctor to prevent vision loss.

    Normal Anatomy of the Eye
    IMAGE
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  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. An eye exam will also be done. An eye specialist will do a more extensive exam of the inside of your eye.

    Blood tests may be done to look for other diseases or illnesses associated with your uveitis.

  • Prevention

    Since the cause is often unknown, it is impossible to prevent a first episode of uveitis.

  • Risk Factors

    Uveitis may be more likely to occur in people with other health problems and immune system diseases, such as

    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Sarcoidosis
    • HIV
    • Ankylosing spondylitis
    • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Symptoms

    Uveitis may cause:

    • Red, sore, and watering eyes
    • Blurred vision
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Pupil that is small or irregular in shape
    Symptoms of Uveitis—Red, Sore, Watering Eyes
    Eye Inflammation
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  • Treatment

    Most often treatment will focus on relieving the symptoms of uveitis until it goes away. It is important to follow treatment recommendations to prevent complications or recurrence.

    If an underlying condition is causing the uveitis, treatment will focus on the condition causing the problem.