Viral Pharyngitis

Viral pharyngitis is a sore, inflamed throat.

  • Causes


    Viral pharyngitis is may be caused by one of several viruses. It often occurs with other infections, such as a
    common cold
    or the
    flu
    .

  • Definition

    Viral pharyngitis is a sore, inflamed throat.

    Sore Throat Due to Inflammation
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Diagnosis

    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Most viral sore throats are diagnosed based on the symptoms and an examination of the throat. Sometimes, the throat will be swabbed to make sure that the sore throat isn't due to a bacterial strep infection.

  • Prevention

    To help reduce your chance of getting viral pharyngitis, take these steps:

    • Practice good hygiene, including careful hand washing.
    • Don't share food or beverages with other people.
    • Avoid areas where people are smoking.

  • Risk Factors

    Viral pharyngitis is more common in children and adolescents. Other factors that may increase your chance of getting viral pharyngitis include:

    • Cigarette smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke
    • Living or working in crowded places, such as daycare centers or schools
    • Chronic sinus infections
    • Allergies

    • Lowered immunity due to:

      • Stress or fatigue
      • Recent illness

      • Chronic health conditions, such as
        HIV infection or AIDS
      • Chemotherapy

  • Symptoms

    Viral pharyngitis may cause:

    • Sore, red, swollen throat
    • Trouble swallowing
    • Swollen, tender lymph nodes in the neck and behind the ears
    • Decreased appetite
    • Fatigue

  • Treatment

    There are no treatments to cure viral pharyngitis. Most cases of viral pharyngitis heal on their own within about one week.

    Treatments to relieve symptoms include: