Vulvodynia is chronic pain or discomfort of the vulva. The vulva includes the: Female GenitaliaCopyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
The cause of vulvodynia
is not known. Some possibilities include:
- Injury or irritation of vulvar nerves
- Inflammed tissue
- Abnormal response to infection or trauma
Vulvodynia is chronic pain or discomfort of the vulva. The vulva includes the:
- Labia majora and labia minora
- Vaginal opening
Female Genitalia Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. It may include a pelvic exam. The affected area may need to be examined closely. This can be done using a colposcope to magnify the area.
Your bodily tissues and fluids may need to be tested. This can be done with:
- Tests to check for bacteria and/or yeast
There are no current guidelines to prevent vulvodynia.
Vulvodynia is more common in women who are younger. Other factors that increase your chance of developing vulvodynia include:
- History of vulvodynia
- Chronic pain or disorders associated with chronic pain
- Sleep disturbances
- Some mental health disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder
- Frequent use of antibiotics
- Irritation to the genitals by soaps or detergents
- Genital rashes
- Previous treatment or surgery to the external genitals
- Pelvic nerve irritation or muscle spasms
Symptoms may include:
- Pain, which may come and go
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include: