• References

    Abraham MK, Scott S. The emergent evaluation and treatment of hand and wrist injuries.
    Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2010 Nov;28(4):789-809.

    Frontera WR, Silver JK, eds.
    Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    .1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Hanley and Belfus; 2002.

    Parmelee-Peters K, Eathorne SW. The wrist: common injuries and management.
    Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 2006 March 32(1).

    Renström P; IOC
    Medical Commission, International
    Federation of Sports
    Sports Injuries: Basic Principles of Prevention and Care
    . Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.

    Sprains and strains. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
    Updated July 2012. Accessed September 10, 2013.

    Wrist sprains. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
    Updated September 2010. Accessed September 10, 2013.

    10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
    : Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

  • Resources

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    American College of Sports Medicine

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Orthopaedic Association

    Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation